The second type of family has a domineering father, who intimidates the children and may even turn physically violent.The mother herself may be a victim of spousal violence.This type of parent takes care of the children when things are going smoothly, but falls apart when difficulties arise.Single parents families appear to be at greater risk of child maltreatment.Child abuse is primarily a problem within families.While abuse by nonfamily members does occur, most victims are abused by one or more of their parents.
In "Family Dynamics Associated with the Use of Psychologically Violent Parental Practices" (Journal of Family Violence, April 2004), Marie-Hélène Gagné and Camil Bouchard identify four family characteristics that are likely to result in parental psychological violence.
NIS-3 found that under the Harm Standard (see Chapter 2 for a definition of the Harm Standard and Endangerment Standard), children in single-parent households were at a higher risk of physical abuse and all types of neglect than were children in other family structures.
Children living with only their fathers suffered the highest incidence rates of physical abuse and emotional and educational neglect.
She controls the household, and the children are expected to do as she bids.
The fourth family characteristic involves the "broken parent," who has not attained maturity and a feeling of self-worth because of a difficult past.